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dc.contributor.authorSchulz, Christopheres_ES
dc.contributor.authorMartín Brañas, Manueles_ES
dc.contributor.authorNúñez Pérez, Ceciliaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorDel Aguila Villacorta, Margaritaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorLaurie, Ninaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorLawson, Ian T.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorRoucoux, Katherine H.es_ES
dc.date.accessioned2019-06-12T13:46:55Z-
dc.date.available2019-06-12T13:46:55Z-
dc.date.issued2019-06-
dc.identifier.citationEcology and Society, 24(2):12es_ES
dc.identifier.issn1708-3087-
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.5751/ES-10886-240212-
dc.description.abstractMany indigenous people hold detailed ecological knowledge about their environment and have developed complex classifications of ecosystem types in their own languages. These classification systems may be based on characteristics including the availability of key resources, salient plant species, and cultural factors, among others. Indigenous environmental knowledge has been of interest to (ethno-)ecologists, geographers, anthropologists, and other scientists looking to learn from indigenous people, especially in newly emerging research topics. We identified and interpreted an ecosystem classification system of the Urarina, a small indigenous nation based in the Chambira River basin, a peatland-rich area of Peruvian Amazonia. Our findings, based on semistructured interviews, participatory mapping exercises, and site visits, indicate that the Urarina distinguish between ecosystems according to vegetation physiognomy, certain (palm) tree species, hydrology, and soil appearance, and that their use of natural resources varies between different ecosystems. Two Urarina ecosystems, jiiri and alaka, are almost certainly associated with the presence of peat soils and are of special cultural significance. The Urarina ecosystem classification system thus offers insights and inspiration for ecologists studying peatlands and other wetlands in the Peruvian Amazon who, thus far, have mostly focused on floristic and structural analyses only. Not least, our research highlights the importance of the peatlands for local people, beyond their role for the global climate system as a substantial carbon store.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipScottish Funding Council, Natural Environment Research Council (Reino Unido), University of St Andrews (Reino Unido)es_ES
dc.formatapplication/pdfes_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherResilience Alliancees_ES
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.relation.urihttps://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol24/iss2/art12/es_ES
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_ES
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/pe/es_ES
dc.sourceInstituto de Investigaciones de la Amazonía Peruanaes_ES
dc.sourceRepositorio Institucional - IIAPes_ES
dc.subjectPueblos indígenases_ES
dc.subjectConocimiento indígenaes_ES
dc.subjectConocimiento ecológicoes_ES
dc.subjectClasificación de ecosistemases_ES
dc.subjectChambira, ríoes_ES
dc.subjectUrarina, pueblo indígenaes_ES
dc.subjectClasificación de sueloses_ES
dc.subjectTurberases_ES
dc.titlePeatland and wetland ecosystems in Peruvian Amazonia: indigenous classifications and perspectiveses_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.identifier.journalEcology and Societyes_ES
dc.description.peer-reviewRevisado por pareses_ES
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.5751/ES-10886-240212es_ES
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